Opinion

Oil versus gas for business use …

Posted by John Hannen

06-Jun-2019


Businesses across the globe are constantly wrestling with the dilemma of striving to be competitive alongside being sustainable and ‘green'.

Climate change is an issue for governments and businesses alike, with energy usage a major concern and the need to consider carbon footprints, and costs.

This debate is pertinent to the 16% of the UK not serviced by the main gas grid, which relies on alternative fuels to meet its energy needs. For the majority of off-grid operations, this means a choice between oil, LPG (liquefied petroleum gas) or LNG (liquefied natural gas) for high-volume commercial applications. But what exactly are the differences between these fuels – and what should off-grid users consider when making decisions about their energy supply?

Carbon-heavy fuel

With the Committee on Climate Change urging the UK government to legislate as soon as possible to reach net zero emissions by 2050, the pressure is on all industries to adopt greener energy policies. What this means for off-grid businesses in practical terms is moving away from conventional, carbon-heavy fossil fuels. When considering the key features of oil, it's not hard to see why it's becoming an outdated off-grid option:

  • Increased carbon emissions: As a major contributor to climate change, the burning of oil for heating and cooking purposes releases far higher levels of carbon into the atmosphere than more efficient off-grid fuels like LPG.
  • Cost: Through a combination of factors such as dwindling oil reserves, environmental pressures and strained international relations, the price of oil remains volatile. This makes it difficult for businesses to forecast the cost of fuel and can cast doubts over the future of their supply chain.
  • Maintenance: Due to its viscous nature, machines that operate on oil often take a large amount of maintenance to ensure they are running at optimum performance. This can also mean messy repairs if anything goes wrong.

Does LPG and LNG have a role?

With so many factors now working against businesses that are still using oil, it's no surprise that many are now looking for an alternative fuel supply. The good news is that there are viable off-grid alternatives that offer compelling economic, environmental and logistical benefits. LPG and LNG are two such fuels. So, what are they, and how do they compare to oil?

  • Chemical makeup – LPG is a blanket term for two types of natural gas (Propane and Butane) and is a natural by-product of gas and oil extraction (66%) and oil refining (34%). LNG is composed primarily of methane and is created by cooling natural gas to an extremely low temperature (-162°C).
  • Finance: Businesses can make immediate savings when switching to LPG or LNG through a reduction in energy usage.
  • Carbon emissions: LPG and LNG have the lowest CO2 emissions of any 0ff-grid fossil fuels: LPG emits 36% fewer than gas oil, 22% fewer than kerosene and 17% fewer than heating oil. It also emits no black carbon (a significant contributor to climate change).
  • Cleaner air: LPG and LNG are clean, smoke-free burning fuels, that emit fewer pollutant emissions, including NOx, Sox and particulate matter (PM).
  • Compliant: Because they're cleaner, LPG and LNG help businesses to meet carbon and pollutant reduction targets set out in the Clean Growth Strategy, ULEZ, Marpol and Medium Combustion Plant Directive.
  • Efficiency: With a higher calorific value per tonne than other liquid fuels, an LPG and LNG flame can burn hotter, releasing energy quicker. When used in conjunction with the likes of a steam boiler this can produce even greater efficiencies.
  • Extensive supply: LPG and LNG are in global abundance, so business owners can rest assured that they will have a dependable source of energy when they need it most. Flogas will be significantly increasing the UK's total LPG storage capability with its new Avonmouth storage facility – the largest of its kind.
  • Easy Installation: Switching from oil to gas needn't be an arduous process for businesses. Specialist LPG companies can design and install a replacement heating system to meet your business' needs. From the initial brief process to installation and even the removal of your old oil tank, with the right supplier there's the option to have everything taken care of with minimal downtime.
  • Versatility: One of the main attractions of LPG is its versatility. From leisure and hospitality to agriculture and industrial heating, and even fuel for forklift trucks and fleet vehicles, LPG can be used as an energy supply for all manner of industries.

The future is green?

As the cleanest, most efficient and effective fuel compared to conventional off-grid fuels like coal, oil and electricity, switching from oil to LPG (or LNG) could help businesses energy savings, ensuring compliance with government energy policies, and cutting down on maintenance time.

Sources

https://www.uklpg.org/uploads/DOC5A5F2DC5A7907.pdf

https://theenergyst.com/breaking-ties-with-oil-the-case-for-lpg/

https://www.theccc.org.uk/publication/net-zero-the-uks-contribution-to-stopping-global-warming/

https://www.uklpg.org/uploads/DOC5A5F2DC5A7907.pdf



New service from OilVoice
Trip Shepherd is for companies who need to track their staff in areas of risk.
It's free to use, so we invite you to try it.

OilgasgreenEnergy & Environment

More items from johnhannen


What could a ‘No Deal’ Brexit entail for the gas industry in the UK?

Currently, in the UK, no Brexit scenario seems implausible – including that of the UK leaving the EU with a ‘No Deal'.  But, just what would this scenario mean for the UK's gas industry? In this article, Flogas, a LPG gas tank , bottle and cylinder supplier across the UK, offers an overview: Th ...

John Hannen


Posted 5 months agoOpinion > BrexitGas IndustryUK

An overview of the benefits of a field-proven subsea CT scanner

The effective maintenance of subsea pipelines is absolutely vital to those working within the gas and oil industries.  From complying with legal regulations, as well as making sure that offshore operations are carried out safely – subsea pipeline inspection is paramount.  Flow assurance equipment ...

John Hannen


Posted 5 months agoPress > scannerpipeline inspectionDiscovery

How the UK Gets its Gas Supply

It probably doesn't cross your mind much. Even though you use it to heat your home and cook your food, you likely haven't considered where your gas mains supply comes from. But with the UK using 67 billion cubic metres of gas in 2015 alone, you have to wonder where we're getting it all from! It' ...

John Hannen


Posted 1 year agoOpinion > gasOil & Gas UKUK

Rewind or Replace Your Electric Motor?

According to data from IPIECA, electric motors account for more than 80% of electricity use at oil refineries, with 60% driving pumps, 15% powering air compressors and 9% running fans. With the oil industry very much reliant on the successful operation of electric motors, preventing their failure b ...

John Hannen


Posted 1 year agoPress > motorelectricelectric motor

How to Use Smart Tracers Effectively in Multi-Well Subsea Field Development

In any deep water field development, it is extremely important to monitor the oil and water production from all wells so that fluid movement can be managed and hydrocarbon output can be maximised. With the use of Smart Tracers from an oil inflow expert like Tracerco, which is integrated into a low ...

John Hannen


Posted 1 year agoOpinion > subsea field developmentoil inflowsmart tracer
All posts from johnhannen